Journal Assignment | Professional Writing Services

Psychology – Parenting stress in families of children with ADHD – Metodology IPA .

Suggestions for improvement below:

Title: It would be great to incorporate something which reflects your IPA methodology in the title. So perhaps something like ‘Exploring the lived experience of parenting a child with a diagnosis of ADHD’.

– You need references for the paragraph in which you talk about the genetic link.
– You need to provide a date for the McCubbin reference.
– In your research question, you refer to “ADHD children” – just be mindful to word your writing sensitively – this would read much better as ‘children with a diagnosis of ADHD’.

– IPA doesn’t aim to clarify a ‘link’ ?
– You say that the approach is relevant for this qual study – I’m not sure what this sentence means and why you have referenced someone at the end of it? The approach is the qual study – did you mean IPA is the correct qual methodology, or the qual IPA methodology is appropriate for the research question?
Your aim here is to explain why qual and why IPA – expand upon your focus on the lived, subjective experience.

– If you are using your own social media pages, you do not need permission.
– You need to actually write out your recruitment advertisement verbatim on your ethics form. What exactly will you say?
– For your rationale for recruiting 6 participants, it would be good to include an IPA reference – i.e. somewhere in the literature where it says that 6 is a suitable number for this level of research.
– Why is the period since receiving the diagnosis important? Do participants need to have received the diagnosis a certain amount of time ago? How did you decide upon parents must have lived with the child for at least 2 years?
– Have you considered any other exclusion criteria? For example – have you thought about if parents have a formal mental health diagnosis? The topic you are discussing is of a sensitive nature – parents with a formal mental health diagnosis may be at higher risk of potentially experiencing distress as a result of taking part?

– It would be good to refer to the interview schedule which you have added as an appendix, in this section.
– You will also need a recorder and given the current circumstances, a laptop/computer to conduct an online interview – you need to outline this.
– I’m not sure what you mean by ‘online interview schedule technique’? My understanding is you will use a software such as Zoom or Skype to conduct interviews online?

– I’m not sure what you mean by ‘ethically- oriented’?
– You need to outline your procedure in greater detail – what will you do every step of the way? This includes from recruitment, all the way through.

– The title of your study needs to be consistent throughout. The title written here appears different to the one at the start of the form and the one on the debrief form.
– Make sure you fill in the name of investigator/supervisor sections.
– What is a ‘simulation session’?
– In the consent form you need to outline much more clearly how you will protect participants confidentiality – i.e. data protection act, using pseudonyms, anonymisation etc. You also need to clearly state the participant’s right to withdraw without any consequence to them and without having to explain why.
– Participants will not be “sent” a debrief, participants will be debriefed – explain what this means.

– Make sure you fill in the name/email of investigator/supervisor sections.

– The first question may be better placed slightly later in the interview when some rapport has been developed – it is a very exploratory, open-ended question.
– You have put bullet points but then included several questions for each bullet point – these are all separate questions.
– Be careful with your wording throughout:
Bullet point 3 – the second question – I think you may have missed a word/words out here as I’m not sure it makes sense as it stands?
Bullet point 3 – the fourth question – This needs to be worded much more sensitively, don’t refer to “the kid” and “needed some help” is assumptive.
Bullet point 4 – Who is “beloved one” referring to? I think this is ambiguous?
Bullet point 6 – It is assumptive to refer to the child as “him”

Course: Msc Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Project module: Research Project
Module code: PY7PA6
Student surname: Parisi
Student forename(s): Miriam
Student ID: MIP0550
Title of project: Parenting in families of children with ADHD
Supervisor: Lutfiye Salih
Date: 11/05/2020
Where possible, this form adopts the same sequence of sections as that of the final project report. You must be direct, accurate and complete when filling in the sections of this form. If your proposal is too vague to allow evaluation you will be asked to submit a more detailed proposal. You must complete all sections.

Delete either NO or YES to the following statement:

Is this a revised project? NO

Give a brief description of the problem to be investigated, outlining the background to the problem including the key background sources and previous research within the subject area, and end this section by stating clearly the research question(s) and/or research hypothesis (es). If you propose a complex model involving several variables you should insert a path diagram of the model as a single figure in JPEG format (total number of words: Min 500 words, Max 1000 words, including listed references; a figure counts as 0 words; number of listed references: Min 3, Max 5).

Research Topic


The topic of the study seeks to explore the overarching lived parenting experiences in families with children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a psychological disorder defined by the American Psychological Association (APA, 2020) as “a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development” (APA, 2020). Raising children with psychological disorders such as ADHD can be demanding for both the parents and the family as a whole.  The children require an extraordinary approach to care both at home and in school. According to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM-5), the descriptive characteristics of children presenting with ADHD include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, usually diagnosed in the early stage of childhood. Even if the etiology of this disorder is still unknown, research shows a significant genetic link of the disease. Children with a family history of the disease from the parents, nuclear family siblings and blood relatives are at high risk of the psychological disorder. These individuals may have neurological imbalances in neurotransmitters and or other chemicals involved in signal transduction, memory, thinking and cognitive reasoning. Understanding the familial association of the disease and engaging the parents in supportive teaching is essential in coping up with lived parenting challenges to achieve better social functioning and quality family living. The prevalence of ADHD is an indicator of the need for an evidence-based body of knowledge to guide parents as immediate caregivers of the children to live a normal life.
According to the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) 2019, the current statistics on the disease were reported at a 9.4% prevalence rate. Based on the screening done in 10 countries from the US, Middle East, and Europe, about 22 million children were suffering from ADHD. The genetic correlation was reported by the study to cause over 45% of ADHD disorders. This makes the topic a viable area of research to respond to the gaps by understanding the real needs of the parents. Munoz-Silva et al. (2017), notes that a family model of interventions needs to be designed to facilitate the care of ADHD children. Most parents were found to be willing to support their children despite the challenges; however, the need for sociological support was clear.  Exploring these challenges through life experience narrative is important to understand the psychological needs of the parents as a strategy to initiate need-based psychological support (Munoz-Silva et al., 2017).
Parents need to be persistently devoted to meet the needs of the children by been resilient. No parent is really prepared to cope with the multitude of challenges that will confront them when their child is diagnosed with ADHD. They experience a  whirlwind of emotions , from frustration and guilt to pride and joy. Adapting to stressful events such as healthcare costs, special education needs, and any potential social stigma is critical to achieving the desired optional functioning. With the dynamics in developmental needs, parents need to perceive life changes positively and adapt to better living (Bell, 2016).
The Resiliency Model of Family Stress and Adaptation by McCubbin argues that successful resilience and adjustments improve the quality of life and coping abilities of the parents. Owing to the many challenges faced by the parents, the model recommends the need for a strong support network to help the parents adjust to daily needs (Lee & Choi, 2019).
Conducting a research study on the topic will be informative, and intervention-seeking to address any study gaps while developing resolutions such as appropriate parenting styles towards the improvement of quality of life for the affected study population (Cuzzocrea et al., 2019).

Research Question

  • What are the overarching lived parenting experience, challenges and associated coping skills among parents living with ADHD children?


2.1 Study design

Outline the proposed design of the study. If an experimental design, state the variables you plan to measure, specifying which ones are the dependent variables, the independent variables, and the control variables (if any), and whether it is a between-participants, within-participants, or mixed design; moreover, add a flowchart of the stimulus sequence. If a correlational study, state the variables you plan to measure, specifying which ones are the criterion variables, the predictor variables, the control variables (if any), the mediator variables (if any), and the moderator variables (if any). If another study design is proposed, describe accurately the nature of the study. No matter which study design you propose, here you have to convince the reader that the proposed design will allow to assess empirically the research question(s) and/or research hypothesis(es) that you stated in the Introduction section of this form (no word limit).

The research project will use the Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) methodology.  IPA research technique is applicable in qualitative research, given the idiographic approach, it takes in the analysis. The idiographic-oriented IPA research methodology focus on understanding the issue, context, or a person makes sense and connects to a phenomenon (Alase, 2017). The phenomena of study can relate to a significant or critical event in an individual’s life or development. Taking care of children with ADHD is a real-life experience, often coupled with challenges. While the experience varies, most parents report compromised Quality of Life (QoL) attached to social and family functioning.  The methodology is essential in exploring phenomenology psychology as a research strategy to define, establish, and clarify the link between different phenomena (Smith, 2017). The IPA methodology best fits this research project, given its qualitative approach of analysis and interpretation of lived life experience narrated at a subjective level. Using the developed interview questions in the interview schedule, the methodology will be essential in assessing and evaluating lived real-life experiences of the affected parents.  This will offer fundamental insight and explanation on the research purpose and to answer the research question. This approach is highly appropriate for this qualitative study (Alase, 2017).

2.2 Participants

Specify the population from which you will draw your participants, how they will be accessed, and how many you will need and why. Specify any inclusion/exclusion criteria that will be applied. If you intend to sample from special populations (e.g., school children, elderly, or other vulnerable participants) specify the number of participants per age group or diagnosis and indicate what arrangements you have made (or will be making) to gain access to the participants (no word limit).

The participants for the study will include parents of children with ADHD. Only parents whose children have received a formal diagnosis of ADHD will be eligible for participation. The parent (s) selected for the study must be in an active parenting role at the time of the study. All participants will voluntarily enroll for the study and leave at will without coercion. Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the recruitment of participants will be conducted through social media. This is to ensure the research adheres to World Health Organization (WHO) on social distancing and infection prevention for the contagious coronavirus. I intend to use Facebook and Twitter. The advantage of Facebook is that it has many users; the more users on a specific social media platform, the better your chances of reaching your enrollment goals.
On the other hand, public Twitter feeds can reach many people without restriction to friends or followers. Recruitment will begin by seeking permission from the respective social media platform administrators as part of ethical clearance through formal writing. The advertisement post for the social media platforms will include the type of the study, its intention, the topic and ethical aspects of the research. The message will pledge its concern for safety and obligation to respect the rights of the participants. The research study will use a sample population of 6 people. I chose 6 people to ensure that only participants highly eligible for the study will be enrolled. Furthermore, the manageable number will make it possible carry out comprehensive exploration on the lived experiences and subjective narrative within the time set.  In the inclusion criterion, only participants in an active parenting role with ADHD children will be eligible for the study. The period since receiving the diagnosis will be of great importance as it will assess the relative level of experience. The parent must have lived with the child for at least 2 years since the time of diagnosis to be eligible for the study. Parents not living with their children or have been in non-contact for at least two years will not be enrolled for the study. Parents without a formal medical diagnosis of the condition will not be included in the study (Taherdoost, 2016).


2.3 Materials

Specify all the materials you intend to use in your study. This should include any stimulus materials as well as data collection methods. Say whether these materials are pre-existing (e.g., standard psychometric tests, scales, or interview schedule/questions) or whether you plan to produce your own. If pre-existing, you must give the exact name of each test or scale and provide a reference to the published study that first validated that measurement instrument (do not attach these tests or scales to this form). If produced on your own, you must give the verbatim (i.e., the exact wording) of the instructions to participants and of each of the individual items of your scales. List all equipment, test material, computer programs, accommodation, and technical help[1] that you may require, and the approximate length of time for which these are needed (no word limit).

The qualitative research study will use online interview schedule technique as a data collection technique. Data collection will take place within a period of 2 weeks.  Once the data are collected , they will be entered in a computer database for storage with a backup system such as an hard disk drive available for data retrieval in case the primary data are lost. The researcher will be the custodian of the data to minimize the risk of manipulation and data adulteration. Participants are promised confidentiality and privacy of all information provided in the interviews. A unique link will be available to only the selected participants to avoid unauthorized participation, which could pose a risk to privacy principles. The study participants will be free to answer or leave a question without coercion. The data collection tool will be designed to promote the anonymity of all research participants (King, Horrocks & Brooks, 2018).


2.4 Procedure

Explain the procedure through which you plan to collect your data. Explain how you intend to approach potential study participants, how you will brief them about the study, how you will obtain informed consent from them and debrief them after participation.

I intend to conduct an open, ethically-oriented and inclusive data collective process for the study. In ensuring openness, all the information about the study will be explained in detail and concerns responded to in line with British Psychological Society (BPS) code of ethics and conduct and the BPS code of human research ethics. I will inform the participants of their rights, including voluntary participation, informed consent, and leaving the study at will
The procedure will begin by the recruited participants signing the ethical permission as per the British Psychological Society (BPS) guidelines. This will be essential in protecting the study participants, and the reputation of the researcher.
The next action will involve actual interviews via Zoom. The interview will take about 60-90 minutes. Since the study anticipates risk such as participant distress due to the nature of the study, a risk distress protocol will be made available.

After participation, a debriefing about project, challenges or issues and supportive approaches will be clarified (Taherdoost, 2016). This will be another chance to thank all participants for turning up for the interview. Data will be stored in a safe place free from potential manipulation or adulteration.



2.5 Briefing-Consent Form

You must give the verbatim (i.e., the exact wording) in the Briefing-Consent form. This is the “contract” between you and your study participants. In the Briefing section of the form you should explain in simple words the topic of the research (but you do not need to state the research question/s) and procedures to the participants, including what you expect them to do (e.g., filling in a set of questionnaires on a topic – describe the topic) and how long their participation will take (e.g., how many questions they will have to answer and how long it will take to answer them). In the Consent section of the form, you should explain how you are going to protect participants’ confidentiality. Moreover, you should state participants’ right to withdraw from the study at any time without prejudice to them, and explain how they can exert such right in practice. Finally, you should promise a debrief, and explain how and when you will deliver it to the participants (no word limit).



Name of investigator: Fill in

Name of supervisor: Fill in




I am a postgraduate student conducting an explorative research on the overarching lived parenting experiences in families with children formally diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) . ADHD is a psychological disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. In this study, I will focus on the lived life experiences, challenges, and coping skills for parents in families with ADHD children The study will contribute to knowledge and understanding of caregivers in the domain of ADHD.
Each participant will be expected to answer  about 10 interview questions, and the interview session will take approximately 60-90 minutes. Interviews will be done via Zoom after a simulation session to assess the technology.
The data collected will be coded in a computer database and kept safe from any potential manipulation and adulteration .  All rights of the participants will be upheld with aspects of confidentiality, informed consent, and anonymity considered by the researcher throughout the process (Chereni, Sliuzas & Flacke, 2020).
After partecipating in the study, each participant will be sent a debrief to thank you for the collaboration and will be updated on the study’s findings. Additional help in case of distress will also be provided.


I have been informed of and understand the purpose of this study and its procedures and I agree to take part in the following research project.

I understand that agreeing to take part means that I consent to:

  • Answer any question asked in the research project with the right to withdraw at will
  • participate in the study voluntarily and not under any coercion whatsoever
  • Cooperate with the research during the data collection process to enhance success
  • Be provided with adequate debriefing information by the researcher as needed during the research
  • Engage in an ethically-sound process data which values confidentiality and anonymity for me as a participant

(Chereni, Sliuzas & Flacke, 2020).

Print name                                          Signature                                             Date

________________________                        _______________________              ___________


I have informed the above named participants of the nature and purpose of this study and have sought to answer their questions to the best of my ability. I have read, understood, and agree to abide by the British Psychological Society’s Code of Conduct, Ethical Principles and Guidelines for conducting research with human participants.

Signed:                                                                                                Date:


_______________________                                                                    ___________

2.6 Debrief Form

You must give the verbatim (i.e., the exact wording) in the Debrief form. You should explain in simple words the nature of the study, your research hypotheses, and the potential usefulness of the study. Moreover, you should provide non-technical references (ideally, these will be freely available on the Internet – give the hyperlinks) to the topic of your research and, depending on whether the study may lead participants to realize that they have a problem, to support centers (e.g., Alcoholic Anonymous for a study on alcohol consumption). Finally, you should state that you and your supervisor are available to provide further explanations about the study, and provide the names and email addresses of both> All of this must be explained in a clear, friendly, layperson, non-technical language (no word limit).



Name of investigator: Fill in Email of investigator: Fill in
Name of supervisor: Fill in Email of supervisor: Fill in

Thank you for voluntarily sparing your time to participate in the study. The aim of the study was to get a better understanding of the living experiences of parents with children affected by ADHD. The study findings will be useful in informing family adaption models, systems improvement and strategic implementation of programs to facilitate coping and adjustment capabilities to improve social functioning and quality of life among the families.

I hope that you have found it interesting and have not been upset by any of the topics discussed during the interview. However if you have any question or if you have found any part of this experience to be distressing and you wish to speak to me or my supervisor , here’s our contact details


I want to recommended  you also some organizations to seek for psychological counseling and support in the event of distress :


Family lives


Mental Health foudation


Thanks again for your participation!


2.7 Proposed data analysis technique(s)

List the techniques you plan to use (e.g., ANOVA, correlations, discourse analysis, IPA) outlining how you are going to apply them to examine each of the research question(s) and/or research hypothesis(es) stated in the Introduction section of this form (no word limit).

  • IPA- This methodology best fits the psychological research study. The methodology will involve phenomenological exploration of lived experiences of the parents living with children formally diagnosed with ADHD. Parents will be allowed to openly share their personal experiences through answering the interview questions through detailed subjective narrations.  .


2.8 Optional appendixes

Normally, no appendix to this document is needed. If you, however, need to attach one or more appendixes[2], list the attached appendix (es) (no word limit).


Interview schedule

  • Can you tell me about your experience as a parent living with a child affected by ADHD?
  • When did you receive a formal diagnosis? How did you react? How is your life changed since then?
  • How did the other members of your family respond to that? How your life before your child was has been diagnosed with ADHD?  Which was the reason that pushed you to ask for help? When did you first realize that the kid needed some help?
  • Did your child’s condition affect any relation with your beloved one?
  • How do you feel about your child being affected by ADHD? How do you perceive your child’s condition?
  • Have you talked with him about his condition? How did he/she react? How ADHD affects your child on daily tasks (such as social life, learning. Peer relationship? Can you give me some examples? How you react when one of this situation come up? How do you manage these situations?
  • How are you being affected by your child’s condition?
  • What are the most challenging difficulties you are encountering? How do you cope with them? How do you approach these situations?

Delete either NO or YES to the following statements:

1. Will the participants be required to experience unpleasant stimuli or unpleasant situations above the normal level of unpleasantness expected in everyday life?[3] NO  
2. Will any relevant information about the nature, process or outcome of the experiment or study be withheld from participants?[4] NO  
3. Will participants be actively misled or deceived as to the purpose of the study?[5] NO  
4. Will participants receive any inducement or payment to take part in the study? NO  
5. Does the research involve identifiable participants or the possibility that anonymised individuals may become identifiable? NO  
6. Will any participants be unable to provide informed consent? NO  
7. Might the study carry a risk – above the normal risk expected in everyday life – of being harmful to the physical or mental well-being of participants? YES  
8. Might the study carry a risk – above the normal risk expected in everyday life – of being harmful to the physical or mental well-being of the researcher in carrying out the study? NO  


If you answered YES to one or more of the above questions, explain how you will address the corresponding ethical concern(s) in the study protocol (no word limit).

Due to the study’s sensitive nature, though it isn’t anticipated, there may be some risk of distress. For this reason, there is a distress protocol in place (see appendix)


You must submit your Psychology Project Proposal and Ethics Application Form in electronic form (only) as follows:

  1. Print the form, sign it, and make your supervisor sign it;
  2. Scan the printed and signed version of the form, and all attached material (if any), into a single PDF file, for example using one of the University’s Ricoh printer/copiers;
  3. Rename the single PDF file using the following convention and format:

    Ethics_ Module Code_Student Surname_Student ID number

  4. g., Ethics_PC6P01_Bond_0000007
  5. Submit the single and renamed PDF file via Weblearn on Psychology Research Ethics Community (visible under My Organisations), using the module-specific submission link.

The Psychology Project Proposal and Ethics Form must be complete and signed.

Incomplete and/or unsigned forms will not be assessed and will require resubmission at the next opportunity.

Submission deadline is the first day of every month

(or the Friday before if on a weekend/bank holiday).



  Name Signature Date


Enter X in correspondence with one and only one of the following statements:

C Clear without amendment.  
M Clear conditional on the requested changes being made (minor modifications).[6]  
R Revise and resubmit (major modifications).[7]  


Comments (required for M and R referrals).

M- Clear conditional on the requested changes being made (minor modifications)

The information provided is clear, however, minor modifications can be made as requested to fit the research project needs and build a successful project in the end.

  Name Signature Date

Final judge (if one was appointed)

Enter X in correspondence with one and only one of the following statements:

C Clear without amendment.  
M Clear conditional on the requested changes being made (minor modifications).[8]  
R Revise and resubmit (major modifications).[9]  


Comments (required for M and R referrals

M-The information provided is clear, however, minor modifications can be made as requested to fit the research project needs and build a successful project in the end.

For example, a letter or email message from an organisation (e.g., a school, business, or association) that authorises you to advertise the study and recruit participants through their social network.

[3]           If required to experience unpleasant stimuli or unpleasant situations, participants should be informed beforehand and possibly screened for suitability. Finally, depending on the level of unpleasantness, it may be appropriate to use the distress protocol immediately after data collection.

[4]           If information is withheld, the participants will need to be debriefed after the data collection. In addition, a second informed consent to use the data should be obtained after debriefing the participants (attach the second consent form as an appendix to this document). Finally, the distress protocol should be used immediately after data collection.

[5]           If the participants are actively mislead or deceived, they need to be debriefed after the data collection. In addition, a second informed consent to use the data should be obtained after debriefing the participants (attach the second consent form as an appendix to this document). Finally, the distress protocol should be used immediately after data collection.

[6]           The project must be revised. The revised project has to be approved by the supervisor only. The revised project, signed by both student and supervisor, must be submitted, for auditing purpose, via the Minor Modifications Archive submission link.

[7]           The project must be revised, signed by both student and supervisor, and resubmitted via the ordinary submission link as if it were a new submission.

[8]           The project must be revised. The revised project has to be approved by the supervisor only. The revised project, signed by both student and supervisor, must be submitted, for auditing purpose, via the Minor Modifications Archive submission link.

[9]           The project must be revised, signed by both student and supervisor, and resubmitted via the ordinary submission link as if it were a new submission.

NameSignatureDateFinal judge


Alase, A. (2017). The interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA): A guide to a good qualitative research approach. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 5(2), 9-19.

American Psychological Association. (2020). American Psychological Association publication manual. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Bell, A. S. (2016). A critical review of ADHD diagnostic criteria: What to address in the DSM-V. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15(1), 3-10.

Borg, S. (2014). Parents’ lived experiences and perceptions of raising a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a qualitative study (Bachelor’s thesis, University of Malta).

Chereni, S., Sliuzas, R. V., & Flacke, J. (2020). An extended briefing and debriefing technique to enhance data quality in cross-national/language mixed-method research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 1-15.

Cuzzocrea, F., Murdaca, A. M., Costa, S., Filippello, P., & Larcan, R. (2016). Parental stress, coping strategies and social support in families of children with a disability. Child Care in Practice, 22(1), 3-19.

Hewson, C., & Buchanan, T. (2013). Ethics guidelines for internet-mediated research. The British Psychological Society.

Kenny, O. (2016). How do young people diagnosed with ADHD perceive their condition. An interpretative phenomenological analysis.

King, N., Horrocks, C., & Brooks, J. (2018). Interviews in qualitative research. SAGE Publications Limited.

Lee, J. E., & Choi, Y. O. (2019). The Relationship between Parenting Stress of Mothers of Children with ADHD and Family Resilience. The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 19(1), 96-107.

Masarik, A. S., & Conger, R. D. (2017). Stress and child development: A review of the Family Stress Model. Current Opinion in Psychology, 13, 85-90.

National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) 2019. Retrieved from web on April, 30, 2020.


Muñoz-Silva, A., Lago-Urbano, R., Sanchez-Garcia, M., & Carmona-Márquez, J. (2017). Child/adolescent’s ADHD and parenting stress: The mediating role of family impact and conduct problems. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 2252.

Smith, J. A. (2017). Interpretative phenomenological analysis: Getting at lived experience. The Journal of Positive Psychology.

Taherdoost, H. (2016). Sampling methods in research methodology; how to choose a sampling technique for research. How to Choose a Sampling Technique for Research (April 10, 2016).

Theule, J., Wiener, J., Tannock, R., & Jenkins, J. M. (2013). Parenting stress in families of children with ADHD: A meta-analysis. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 21(1), 3-17.

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